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   14th March 2013  

 

In this edition -


温家宝:教育经费支出去年占GDP比例达到4%
Wen Jiabao: educational expenditure reaches 4% of China’s GDP in 2012

 

在3月5日召开的十二届全国人大第一次会议上,国务院总理温家宝在政府工作报告中指出,国家财政性教育经费支出五年累计7.79万亿元,年均增长21.58%,2012年,全国公共财政教育经费支出21165亿元,占国内生产总值(GDP)之比20年来首次突破4%。1993年,中共中央、国务院发布《中国教育改革和发展纲要》创造GDP的4%的目标,致力于教育支出.这个目标是基线水平的支出,以帮助评估中国的教育水平相比,到世界各地的。

During the 1st session of 12th NPC held on March 5th, 2013, (now former) Premier Wen Jiabao stated in his report on the government’s agenda that government spending on education totaled 7.79 trillion yuan over the past five years, increasing at an average annual rate of 21.58% to reach 4% of GDP in 2012.  This spending is at a 20 year all-time-high. In 1993, the CPC central committee and state council issued the China Education Reform and Development Outline, which created the target of 4% of GDP being dedicated to education expenditure. This target was the baseline level of spending to help evaluate China’s education level compared to the rest of the world. 

根据这份报告,政府也分配资源,优先级高的农村,边远,贫困和少数民族地区,并取得了进展,改善教育公平的。

According to this report, the government also prioritised the allocation of resources to rural, remote, poor and ethnic minority areas and made progress in improving fairness in education.

 

Source: http://www.cvae.com.cn/www/gc/wjb/2013/14119.html


中职教育全面免学费将是大势所趋
Free vocational tuition trends towards full coverage

 

在2月20日举行的教育部新闻发布会上,教育部职业教育与成人教育司司长葛道凯说到:“中职教育全面免学费将是大势所趋。

At a Ministry of Education news conference held on February 20th, 2013, Ge Daokai, Director General of vocational education and adult education of Ministry of Education, said that: “There is a trend towards vocational education being fee free.”

目前,已经有9个省市区将免学费范围扩大到所有中职学生。这9个省市区分别是内蒙古自治区、山西省、江苏省、福建省、重庆市、贵州省、青海省、宁波市、厦门市。9个省市区免学费资金由财政补贴职业学校,补贴标准从2000元至6500元(每生每年)不等。

At present, nine provinces have expanded free courses to all secondary vocational schools. These nine provinces and cities are Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Shanxi province, Jiangsu province, Fujian province, Chongqing city, Guizhou province, Qinghai province, Ningbo city and Xiamen city. The free courses are subsidised by government within a range of 2000 yuan to 6500 yuan (per student per year).

 

Source: http://acftu.people.com.cn/GB/n/2013/0222/c67502-20562419.html


教育部颁布全国职业院校技能大赛三年规划

Ministry of Education issues Three-year Planning towards National Vocational School Skill Competition

 

教育部颁布了《全国职业院校技能大赛三年规划(2013-2015年)》,同时成立了以教育部部长袁贵仁、天津市市长黄兴国为主任委员的大赛组织委员会。

The Ministry of Education issued the Three-year Planning towards National Vocational School Skill Competition (2013-2015). A competition committee has been established and includes Yuan Guiren, Minister of Education, and Huang Xing, mayor of Tianjin city.

高职专业目录中80%的专业大类和40%的二级专业。高职参赛选手年龄限制在25周岁(当年)以下,中职参赛选手年龄限制在21周岁(当年)以下。五年制高职学生报名参赛的,一至三年级(含三年级)学生参加中职组比赛,四、五年级学生参加高职组比赛。

The competition aims to cover 80% of professional categories in secondary and higher vocational majors and 40% of secondary professional majors. Contestants for higher vocational competitions must be 25 years old or younger and secondary vocational competitors 21 years old or younger. Students in five-year higher vocational schools can register for the competition: first to third year students (inclusive) apply for the secondary vocational competition, fourth to fifth year apply for the higher vocational competition.

 

Source: http://www.cvae.com.cn/www/xw/zfxw/2013/14085.html


职院校生均拨款全面实施将是大势所
Average financial allocation to vocational students would be universally popular

 

2月20日,在教育部春节后首场新闻发布会上,教育部职成司司长葛道凯说道:“高职院校生均拨款政策没有统一的国家标准,都是每个省自己制定标准。”但他强调:“给所有学生的平均财政拨款是普遍受到欢迎。”同时,教育部设立了职业学校学生实习责任保险示范项目,保费为39元,保期3年,保额50万元。该示范项目已在25个省(区/市)启动。

On February 20th, 2013, Ge Daokai, director general of vocational education and adult education of Ministry of Education, said in the first news conference after spring festival, “There is no national standard regarding financial support to vocational students. Each province makes their own standards. But he stressed that: “an average financial allocation given to all students would be universally popular”. At the same time, the Ministry of Education has set up a pilot project of internship liability insurance for vocational students with a 39 yuan insurance premium covering a three-year term with 500,000 yuan coverage.”

 

Source: http://www.cvae.com.cn/www/xw/zfxw/2013/14084.html


我国首个双师型职教师资博士学位项目获批

First Doctorate Program “Double Qualification” (Teacher and Technician) was approved in China

 

天津职业技术师范大学申报的服务国家特殊需求博士人才培养项目“‘双师型’职教师资人才培养项目”日前正式获得国务院学位委员会批准。该项目是我国首个“双师型”(具有教师和技师资格)职教师资博士学位培养项目,填补了我国在人才职教师资培养领域的空白。

The first doctorate program “Double Qualification”, to be run by Tianjing University of Technology and Education, was officially approved by the State Council Academic Degree Committee. This program is the first doctorate training program for vocational teachers who have both teacher and technician qualifications.

 

Source: http://News.jyb.cn/zyjy/zyjyxw/201301/t20130110_524280.html


北京商贸职业教育集团成立,19家职业院校互认学分联合培养人才

Beijing Commerce Vocational Education Group established by mutual recognition of credit points in 19 vocational colleges to train talents jointly.

 

近日,由57家单位加盟,包括企业、行业协会、学校、科研机构组成的北京商贸职业教育集团在北京成立。该集团将着力建立更为通畅的就业机制,试行“招工与招生合二为一”的学校人才培养模式和“现代学徒制”的校企双主体全程合作育人模式,为企业提前储备人才,实现毕业生顺利就业。

Recently, Beijing Commerce Vocational Education Group was established. It comprises enterprises, industry associations, schools and scientific research institutes. This group will concentrate on improving student transition to employment by combining “employment and enrolment” as well as a “modern apprenticeship system”, with the aim of matching talent to enterprise needs and helping  graduates find jobs..

集团内的19所学校的学生可以选修不同学校的金牌课程,并在本校获得学分认可。同时19所学校互相开放实训基地,部分专业与企业合作,实现“就学即就业”的培养模式。

Students of the 19 participating schools can select the most appropriate courses from among the different schools and win recognition in their own schools. Meanwhile, their practical training bases are mutually opened to these students. Partial majors are delivered in cooperation with enterprises to achieve enrollment and employment for students.

 

Source: http://www.zhiyexuexi.com/news/vocation/high/2012-12-24/A882937.html

Source: http://News.jyb.cn/zyjy/zyjyxw/201212/t20121226_522652.html


首次全国职业教育信息化建设工作会议在南京召开

First National Vocational Education Information Construction Conference held in Nanjing

 

教育部于2012年12月10日在江苏南京召开了“全国职业教育信息化建设工作会议”,这是新中国成立以来召开的第一个全国性职业教育信息化建设工作会议。

On Dec 10, 2012, the National Vocational Education Information Construction Conference was held in Nanjing by Ministry of Education. This is the first national vocational education information construction meeting held in modern China.

会议系统回顾了新世纪以来职业教育信息化建设取得的成就和经验,研究部署了“十二五”期间加快推进职业教育信息化建设的政策、措施和重点工作。会议对推进信息技术与职业教育深度融合、加快发展职业教育现代化具有长远意义。

This conference systematically reviewed the achievements and experiences of vocational education information construction institutes since the new century; researched and deployed the policies, measures and priorities to push forward vocational education information construction during the twelfth Five-year period. This conference has long-term significance in promoting integration of information technology and vocational education, speeding up the modernization of vocational education.

 

Source: http://www.tvet.org.cn/news/h000/h02/1355066433d2045.html


江苏五年制高职教育顶岗实习时间缩至半年

Internship of five-year vocational education in Jiangsu reduced to half year.

 

江苏近日宣布,将把中等职业教育、五年制高等职业教育顶岗实习时间调整为半年,在校学习时间分别延长至2.5年和4.5年,此项政策将在2013年入学的新生中实行。

Recently, internship periods for secondary vocational education and for five-year vocational education were reduced by half a year in Jiangsu, which now means the learning period in schools has been extended to 2.5 years and 4.5 years respectively. This policy will be implemented to all new enrolments in 2013.

目前,全国范围内中等职业教育普遍实行“2+1”人才培养模式,将3年学习时间分割成2年在校与1年顶岗实习,但一些地方存在顶岗实习优质岗位落实难,实习时间长,教学内容少,实习质量与效益偏低等问题。为此,江苏明确要求减少顶岗实习时间、优化顶岗实习管理和教学,优选顶岗实习企业,规范顶岗实习的劳动合同管理和报酬支付,落实学生实习责任保险制度,切实加强劳动保护。

At present, secondary vocational schools nationwide generally carry out the training mode of “2+1”; 2-years learning in schools and 1-year practicing.

But some places have the problems. It is easier to turn a good job into an internship than not. What’s more, longer term internships are now much shorter than before. Therefore, the quality of practice and efficiency are both low.

For these reasons, Jiangsu education bureau reduced the practice period, optimizing intern management and learning, and giving priority to good enterprises. They have also regulated the labor contract and payment of interns, implemented the intern responsibility insurance for students, and effectively strengthened labor protection for students.

 

Source: http://news.jyb.cn/zyjy/zyjyxw/201301/t20130107_523705.html


河北高校撤停205个专科专业高职高专定位更明确

205 majors removed in Hebei with clearer self-positioning in higher vocational and professional colleges.

 

近日,河北省高校专业设置评议委员会对2012年度高等学校申报新增专科专业进行了评议,同意新增专业270个,撤停205个专业。盲目瞄准高层次办学的专业成为撤、停重点,如商务英语、电子信息等专业,这些专业很多与本科院校重叠,而用人单位往往要求较高,就业并不理想。新增专业主要集中在新增院校,在显示地方特色的同时,还包含智能手机软件应用技术、高速铁路信号控制等热门专业。这一举动意味着高职高专不再盲目追求高层次,定位更加明确。

Recently, the Hebei Major Setup Assessment Committee has reviewed newly added majors applied in 2012, agreed to add 270 majors and remove 205 majors. Many aimless majors only focusing on high level understanding were removed, such as Business English and Electric Information. These majors overlap with universities, which are highly required by employers. Therefore, getting a job is not always easy by studying these majors. The newly added majors are mainly concentrated in new colleges, with local features as well as ‘hot’ majors, such as smart phone software application technology, and signal control for high-speed rail. This action means higher vocational and professional schools are no longer focusing on areas that require higher levels of understanding, and have a clearer positioning.

 

Source: http://news.jyb.cn/zyjy/zyjyxw/201301/t20130104_523323.html


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